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작성자인간분쇄기 조회 175회 작성일 2021-11-26 14:12:48 댓글 0

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The Complete and Concise History of the Sumerians and Early Bronze Age Mesopotamia (7000-2000 BC)

This program covers the history of ancient Sumer and the Sumerians, from the first notable farming communities such as the Samarra, Halaf and the Ubaid that once occupied their land to the magnificent cities, innovations, great kingdoms and empires that the region become known for, it's all here. If you want to get a good grasp of who the Sumerians were, this is the program for you!

Contents:

00:00 Introduction
03:21 Early Farming Communities (Samarra, Halaf, Ubaid)
08:12 Eridu
12:51 Uruk and the First Cities
17:46 Invention of Writing
21:30 First Kings
22:47 Early Dynastic Period
23:36 Sumerian Religion
26:32 Lagash and Umma
33:00 Ur
35:10 Nippur
35:47 Urukagina
39:02 Lugalzagesi
41:57 Sargon and Akkadian Rule of Sumer
50:55 Post-Akkadian Sumer and the Gutians
54:24 Gudea of Lagash
55:30 Utu-hegal
57:30 Third Dynasty of Ur (Ur III) / Neo-Sumerian Empire
01:06:14 Amorites, Elamites and the End of an Era
01:09:41 Aftermath and Legacy of Sumer
01:11:45 Thank you and Patrons

Related Videos:

Ancient Sumer and the Sumerians (Ancient Mesopotamia in Minutes)


The Sumerian King List and the History of Ancient Mesopotamia


The Early History of Sumer and the Sumerians


The Great Sumerian Rivalry: Lagash vs. Umma


Important Cities of the Early Dynastic Period of Sumer


Sumerian Religion Simplified


Sargon the Great and the Akkadian Empire


Sources and Suggested Reading ► https://bit.ly/3rmaElU

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Music:
Epidemic Sound

#sumerians #ancientsumer #ancienthistory
Jonno Plays : Fantastic work. Very watchable!
Jonny five : This is my favorite period of history. Sumeria through the end of Persia....I wish someone would make more games based in this period. An open world thing would be amazing!
Amadeu Macedo : As customary, I loved this meticulously researched documentary. Incidentally, Pietro della Valle (1586-1652) was the first European who found the ruins of UR, while travelling through Mesopotamia along with his Assyrian Christian wife in 1625. Because at that time the Persian and Ottoman empires were at war over the rule of Bagdad, his travelling guides suggested that they located a site in order to hide from a suspicious group of men, who looked as though they were galloping in their direction. As such, by sheer coincidence they "stumbled" upon a huge structure in their horizon, to which they flocked and where they spent a few days. Della Valle was fascinated by the monumental size and quality of the huge walls as well as to the multitude of cuneiform writings which appeared throughout the site. Thanks for yet another wonderful upload.
Taylor Brewer : The line from the king list “Who was king? Who wasn’t king?” is honestly one of my favorite things ever
Bauks : No aliens?
No extra planets?
No electricity?
No time-travel?
No communication arrays?
Not one mention of a handbag!?



Just what I needed.
Thank you, good sir. :)

Sumerian Origins and Ancient DNA | Geneticist Razib Khan

In this episode we bring you the origins of the Sumerians with none other than the geneticist Razib Khan.

In this episode Mr. Khan explains passionately that if we could genetically type any ancient People, he would choose the Sumerians. Why? Because these are arguably the first historic nation. The first self-conscious ethnic group which operated by the rules which we define as the fundamentals of literate civilization. Strangely, they are an ethno-linguistic isolate.

He goes on to explain what the term ethno-linguistic isolate means and how it applies to these ancient peoples, who even though they interacted with their neighbors stood apart from their Semitic neighbors like the Akkadians until later they became absorbed entirely through military and cultural conquests but that their legacy stays with us today in various forms including how we tell time.

He goes on to explain what his original model was for the origins of the Sumerians and how it changed over time and why?

What does his current model tell us about the Sumerians and their origins and foundation within ancient Mesopotamia?

Why are we struggling to genetically type populations in modern Iraq and Iran? How has Covid 19 made studying ancient history and peoples harder?

And finally, Mr. Khan hits us with his predictions of what we will learn the next decade when it comes to ancient DNA studies.



Support Mr. Khan and his awesome work below!

Website: https://razib.substack.com/

Razib Khan: https://www.razib.com/bio/wordpress/

Twitter: https://twitter.com/razibkhan

Original Article discussed: https://www.discovermagazine.com/the-sciences/ancient-dna-and-sumerians

Celebrate the birthplace of civilization and get our Sumerian Shirt | Hoodie | Coffee Mug today!

CLOTHES: https://teespring.com/Sumerian-Clothing?pid=212\u0026cid=5818

COFFEE MUGS: https://teespring.com/sumerian-coffee-mug?pid=658\u0026cid=102908


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ATTRIBUTION:
BRITISH MUSEUM ️ Looted treasures and the 'Mesopotamia' collection (London)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jJiaqbkexH4\u0026t=123s

Louvre Museum - Sumerian Civilization
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V5Mv_e4gJ40

THE LOUVRE: Stunning ️ ancient Mesopotamia exhibits in Paris - Let's go!!
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uy558X2N1rc\u0026t=397s

The Wonders of Ancient Mesopotamia
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zbuzy1BeCuY

The Standard of Ur
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IC-RQKMS7nw

The Standard of Ur 烏爾軍旗 貝殼,青金石,灑青公元前2500,伊拉克 Shell, lapis lazuli, red limestone 2500 BC Iraq
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b1bocfIlgrA\u0026t=31s

The Standard of Ur and the Ram in the Thicket
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A_URShry4KI

Map of the Akkadian empire by https://www.deviantart.com/zalezsky
Study of Antiquity and the Middle Ages : What are your thoughts on the origins of the Sumerians? Support Mr. Khan and his work above!

Celebrate the birthplace of civilization and get our Sumerian Shirt | Hoodie | Coffee Mug today!


CLOTHES: https://teespring.com/Sumerian-Clothing?pid=212&cid=5818


COFFEE MUGS: https://teespring.com/sumerian-coffee-mug?pid=658&cid=102908



Check out our new store! https://teespring.com/stores/the-history-shop


Get your Sea Peoples | Late Bronze Age Merch below!


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Hoodies | Shirts | Tank Tops: https://teespring.com/get-sea-peoples-mediterranean?pid=212&cid=5819




Get your Hittite Merch below!


Mugs: https://teespring.com/HittiteEmpireMug?pid=658&cid=102950&sid=front


Shirts | Tank Tops | Hoodies: https://teespring.com/hittite-empire-shirt?pid=2&cid=2397




Trojan War Merch Below!


Mugs: https://teespring.com/trojan-war-coffee-mug?pid=658&cid=102950


Tank Tops | Shirts | Hoodies: https://teespring.com/TrojanWarShirt?pid=2&cid=2397




To support the channel, become a Patron and make history matter!


Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/The_Study_of_Antiquity_and_the_Middle_Ages


Donate directly to PayPal: https://paypal.me/NickBarksdale


Enjoy history merchandise? Check out affiliate link to SPQR Emporium!
http://spqr-emporium.com?aff=3


*Disclaimer, the link above is an affiliate link which means we will earn a generous commission from your magnificent purchase, just another way to help out the channel!


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Spore Murph : What he said was perfectly reasonable speculation, but this video's title is once again misleading since it does not present ANY information about Ancient DNA from the Sumerians.
SkeletalBassman : Razib gave a great presentation, allowing for plenty of nuance but still giving us passion and joy. Would love to hear more from him.
lee marlin : Razib Khan:
Interesting perspective. I like the way he gets his thoughts out there. Informed but not opinionated. Looking for knowledge not for credit a good trait in a researcher.
Multi Vitamin : I've been thinking recently about Epic of Gilgamesh, and I came to a conclusion that, all those events are actually ancestral memories of grandparents of their grandparents, back in the paleo-neolithic boundary where peoples just started forming groups and identity. Bilga mes meaning the ancestor hero, where they put all of those remembered brave men that cared for and lead its tribe, defended against monsters such as sabertooths and mammoths, how they inspired generations of young men to stand up for their people and lead them to better lands. The epic explains how the elements didn't favor them and how dark inner humanity often had the better of a man than righteousness and morality. The nature of a man can be tracked from its very beginnings which are portraited as monsters, beasts and characters as Humbaba. Enkidu himself could be one of the last remaining Neanderthals or some extinct human species, therefore being hairy and alien, but welcomed, as he is human as any other. Which could interpret the meeting of different species and tribes. Gilgamesh finding the way of immortality may be a metaphor for generations of orally passed stories of great men and warriors that kept the qualities and values of the culture they were building. In a way, Gilgamesh, the great heroes of our ancestors, became immortals in our tradition and culture up until today.

8. The Sumerians - Fall of the First Cities

WATCH AD-FREE:
https://www.patreon.com/fallofcivilizations_podcast

In the dusts of Iraq, the ruins of the world's first civilization lie buried.

This episode, we travel into the extremely distant past to look at the Sumerians. These ancient people invented writing and mathematics, and built some of the largest cities that the world had ever seen. Find out about the mystery of their origins, and learn how they rose from humble beginnings to form the foundation of all our modern societies. With myths, proverbs and even some recreated Sumerian music, travel back to where it all began, and find out how humanity's first civilization fell.

SOURCES: https://www.patreon.com/posts/31032299

Credits:

Sound engineering by Thomas Ntinas

Voice Actors:

Jake Barrett-Mills
Rhy Brignell
Shem Jacobs
Nick Bradley
Emily Johnson

Photography of Sumerian artefacts by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin FRCP(Glasg), CC-BY-SA 4.0 via Wikimedia Commons.

Music by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) Artist: incompetech.com/

Title theme: Home At Last by John Bartmann. https://johnbartmann.com/
Pedro Cavalcanti : 00:01 Introduction: Della Vale Discovery
05:30 Opening
06:50 Land of Sumer
12:10 Climate and Agriculture
18:56 Rise of the Sumerians
23:10 Origin Myth from Oannes
30:10 Society and Culture
39:52 Eridu and the First Cities
46:32 Creation of Cuneiform Writing
50:00 Uruk and Urban Economy
1:01:18 Ur and International Trade
1:08:32 Lagash-Umma War Politics
1:17:18 Sargon, the First Emperor
01:25:04 Legacy of Civil War
01:30:51 Invasion of the Guti
01:41:15 Utu-Hengal Uprising
01:46:10 Ur-Nammu Final Flourish
01:56:45 Ibbin-Sin, the Last King
02:07:55 Laments for Sumer
02:12:55 Civilization in Ruins
02:21:01 Conclusion: Gilgamesh Dream
02:25:00 Credits
Ldawg711 : This is one of the most.. if not THE most professionally done, educational, absolutely fascinating channels on YouTube.
JD Plant : An incredible wave of loneliness washed over me as I watched the concluding elements of your presentation and I had to fight the tears, Mr. Cooper. It is bewildering to think that so many eons ago existed the beating heart of human civilization and that its physical end result is a desolate pile of sand and rubble. (To clarify, I am referring to the remnants of past great civilizations and former cities that have existed in Iraq, not the current vibrant country.) Let these be educational lessons that we have to constantly ponder as we continue to abuse our own habitat to a point of tumult. I am constantly fascinated by the monumental history of this part of the world with the pull and tug of timeline events that have had everlasting effects. Even though very little remains about the Sumerians, they did leave an indelible mark on all world religions as their recollections have been passed down in one form or another for several millennia.
Víctor Acedo Matellán : I just love the balance between rigorous historical fact and mesmerizing storytelling
Maria E Gonzalez : What a gift for me, with your voice and the way you narrate this awesome theme. Is as if I was in front of you. I am 76 years old and just went to elementary school, but in those days we learned a little tiny bit of these cultures. Thank you so much for this opportunity to keep learning in such a wonderful way! Blessing on your way for you to keep doing this and May your life be surrounded with all the blessings of health love and prosperity! Mayu.

... 

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